Why Use Tangential Flow Filtration (TFF)?

Tangential Flow Filtration, aka Cross Flow Filtration, is an important step in bioprocessing but has its unique set of challenges. How can TFF be more reliable and better optimized for process-driven systems?

Tangential Flow Filtration vs Dead-end Filtration
* image credit: formulatrix.com

Unlike a dead-end impact filter where the product flows perpendicular to the filter (prone to clogging), the product stream in TFF moves in parallel to the filter. This allows solids to be kept in solution and minimizes the buildup of a "filter cake" which can foul the membrane.

Advantages of Tangential Flow Filtration

Meet your unique processing requirements with flexible filter solutions such as batch and fed batch ultrafiltration.

Today's industrial design -- even in compact, benchtop TFF systems -- provides for accurate and continuous transitions to scaling up.

Applications for TFF

  • Separation of large and small biomolecules, clarification and/or removal of contaminants.
  • Diafiltration for buffer exchange, desalination, and removal of biomolecules.
  • Concentration and desalination of proteins, peptides, DNA/RNA, and oligonucleotide.
  • Purification and/or recovery of recombinant proteins and antibodies from cell culture media.
  • Purify and/or recover plasmid DNA from cell culture or cDNA from blood.
  • Cell harvesting (bacteria, yeast, mammalian cells.)
  • Fractionate mixtures of proteins/peptides.
  • Clarify and desalt whole cell lysates and homogenized tissue.
  • Sample prep for chromatography.
  • Reduce Bioburden and/or clean up water, solutions, buffers, and media (remove and/or reduce endotoxin load.)
  • Recover and or remove virus particles and/or vaccines.

Challenges for TFF

  • Matrix/Composition/Viscosity.
  • Pumps/Feed rate/Product volume.
  • Sensitivity to shear stress/Physical properties of product.
  • Concentration/Solubility.
  • Process Temperature.
  • Interface/Operation.
  • Scalability of bioprocess (across platforms)
  • Filter fidelity/lifespan
  • Selectivity/Yield.
  • Downstream processing

Types of Filtration

Types of Filtration
*imagephoto credit: canvas.jmu.edu
  • Particulate and Microfiltration generally use membranes with pores that can remove particulate and larger microorganisms.
  • Ultrafiltration has smaller pores that will reject all microorganisms and soluble macromolecules such as proteins.
  • NanoFiltration has the smallest pore size (10 Angstroms or less) and will let very small molecule pass through.
  • Reverse Osmosis uses non-porus membranes and reject solutes with low molecular mass (salts, organic compounds, etc…)

Filter Types

Filter Types
*image credit: semanticscholar.org

Introducing Kronos - The Benchtop TFF System by Solaris Biotech

Image of Kronos TFF system with controller display.

Solaris TFF Systems can scale from bench top to pilot and industrial scale applications. Our equipment uses state of the art components integration and controlling technology.

  • Industrial grade stainless steel parts, cGMP certified
  • Transparent jacketed vessel with agitation
  • Quattroflow pump up to 3L/min
  • Benchtop size, small footprint
  • Small (70ml) hold up volume
  • Can utilize Hollow Fiber or Cassette filter type (modular)
  • Interface/Optimization (automated process control)
  • Permeate pressure flow control pump
  • Sensors: Conductivity, Temp, UV 280, Load cells
  • Safety Features: Pressure Alarm and level sensor
  • Digital probes/communication with SCADA systems
  • Remote access and control via Leondardo Software
  • Solaris offers scalability across platforms (benchtop, pilot, industrial)

Membrane types can be interchangeable for flexibility with your processing applications.

The Leonardo Software Features and Interface includes:
  • CFR21 Part 11
  • Synoptic Overview of whole system
  • Automated Process Sequence and Logic Parser
  • Ability to dynamically review all data and trends
  • Automated Normalized Water Permeability (NWP) Test
  • Filter management module

Webform - TFF

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